Pilates + Physical Therapy

Pilates Physical Therapy San Francisco

Joseph Pilates, a German medic who trained in boxing and gymnastics, developed Pilates as a form of exercise in the early 20th century. As a child, he suffered from various illnesses and though he had no formal training, was fascinated with the study of human movement and dedicated to improving his physical fitness. Pilates believed that postural dysfunction and inefficient breathing techniques contributed to poor health. Originally called “Contrology”, he considered the method a holistic approach to movement, incorporating mind, body and spirit.

Initially conceived as a sequence of bodyweight exercises performed on a mat, Joseph Pilates invented several pieces of equipment (apparatus) over the years. The Reformer and The Cadillac were both developed from his experimentation with springs attached to hospital beds, and The Chair was inspired by…you guessed it, a living room chair! As its popularity grew, The Pilates Method became mainstream, offered in gyms, studios and taught as an adjunct in physical therapy clinics.

The benefits of Pilates may seem clear. The most commonly mentioned reasons people do Pilates is to improve core strength and stability. Less obvious are two important reasons I suggest Pilates to my patients:

Pilates is a method of exercise that emphasizes on breathing with movement. The ability to coordinate respiration during movement is essential for everyone, yet many are challenged by this seemingly simple act. The muscles of respiration contribute to stabilization, so if respiration is altered, spinal stability will be compromised.

Pilates can be modified for various levels of recovery and fitness. While mat-based Pilates exercises might seem easy, sequences can actually be more challenging than those performed on a Pilates apparatus since participants must control their bodies without any external assistance. The various Pilates apparatuses can be used to increase the challenge of an exercise or to provide assistance to complete a movement. Depending on how the springs on an apparatus are set, there may be an increase in resistance for a focus on strength or a decrease in resistance for improved control. Springs may also be used to provide support, making an exercise more accessible to a healing body.

While its popularity has increased, Pilates as a method of exercise has become less defined over the years. Today, virtually any type of movement performed on a Pilates Reformer or mat can be labeled Pilates and, without experience working with a qualified instructor, you may never know the difference. When your doctor recommends the method, a coworker suggests Pilates because, “it worked for me,” or you choose to do Pilates independently with an online video, you are applying a very broad exercise method to a condition that may require a little more specificity and individualization. In fact, many mat or equipment-based Pilates exercises are flexion-based and are not only inappropriate for some patients, but actually contraindicated (e.g. herniated disc, osteoporosis). Exercises that focus on strengthening the back of the body (posterior chain) may exacerbate other conditions (e.g. stenosis, spondylolisthesis).

As a physical therapist who is Board Certified in Orthopedics, I use my Pilates training to enhance my educational foundation in anatomy, kinesiology, and pathology. In the United States, there is a large discrepancy in the training involved to qualify as a Pilates instructor. Some instructors train with Master Instructors and participate in educational programs that include a basic study of anatomy with observation and practice hours. These programs may also involve an overview of specific injuries and provide information on what types of exercises should be avoided. Other instructors, including those at TherapydiaSF, are licensed physical therapists looking to expand their exercise instruction techniques as a complement to their physical therapy education. On the other end of the spectrum are those who take a weekend class or do some training on their own to teach Pilates.

Modern day Pilates varies dramatically from what its creator originally taught. A savvy, educated consumer should know what to look for when choosing the right class or instructor.

If you’re looking for a form of exercise to support your recovery, start with a physical therapist who is trained in Pilates. Your goal may be to return to work with your Pilates instructor, but a thorough assessment with a medical practitioner (e.g. your physical therapist) will help identify potentially harmful exercises and highlight what you should focus on during your Pilates sessions with your trainer. A successful treatment strategy often includes work with both a physical therapist and a Pilates instructor open to collaborating.

If you are healthy, pain-free, and looking for a challenging workout, you have a variety of options. Many clients continue their work with Pilates instructors who are also physical therapists based on our ability to recognize and address potential injury risks. Group classes might also be a consideration for a more affordable option and for a more social experience. Classes vary in style and are less individualized, so if you are looking for more guidance, we recommend one-on-one training.

Pilates should never replace work with a qualified rehabilitation specialist trained to treat injury. Nor should someone with an injury attempt to use self-guided Pilates exercises to treat or manage their injury. If your physician has recommended Pilates, or you need a specialized program, find a physical therapist with training in Pilates. You will receive a thorough examination that will help the therapist develop a treatment plan and determine if you are appropriate to begin work with a Pilates instructor, or if you should start with Pilates-based physical therapy.

Get to Know Your PT: Megan Lewis, TherapydiaSF Physical Therapist

San Francisco Physical Therapy Megan Lewis

TherapydiaSF physical therapist Megan Lewis takes some time to talk triathlons, bucket lists and the best thing about PT.

What is the best thing about being a PT?

We get to help people and hopefully make their lives better.

How did you get interested in physical therapy?

When I had a sports injury in Junior High School which needed surgery, physical therapy piqued my interest.

What do you like most about the Bay Area?

I love living near the mountains, oceans and all the beautiful trails for runs, hikes and bike rides!

What is your favorite place to be active?

Marin.

What activity in San Francisco is on your bucket list that you still haven’t tried?

Going to the Academy of Science.

What are you currently reading?

The Female Persuasion by Meg Wolitzer.

If you could have one superpower, what would it be and why?

To fly so I could visit my family and friends in a moment’s notice and see the rest of the world!

What is one of your major accomplishments of the last few years?

If you do triathlons long enough, you might just make the podium in your age group. What a thrill!

Click here to learn more about Megan and the other physical therapists at TherapydiaSF.

Get to Know Your PT: Laura Sako, TherapydiaSF Physical Therapist

San Francisco Physical Therapy Laura Sako

TherapydiaSF physical therapist Laura Sako takes some time to discuss what she loves about the Bay Area, how she became interested in PT and the one superpower she’d love to have.

What is the best thing about being a physical therapist?

I love having an active job that allows me to meet new people and figure out new puzzles every day.

How did you get interested in physical therapy?

I have a lot of physical therapists in the family so I’ve always been familiar with the profession. It wasn’t until I started volunteering in different settings and interacting with all types of patients that I really began to understand the importance of PT and decided that it was the career I wanted to pursue.

What do you like most about the Bay Area?

The diversity of the neighborhoods. It’s always fun to explore different areas and discover what makes them unique.

What is your favorite place to be active?

The Cascades in Washington. I’m originally from Seattle and that mountain range has a special place in my heart.

What activity in SF is on your bucket list that you’ve still never tried?

Ride a cable car.

What are you currently reading?

The Devil in the White City by Erik Larson

If you could have one superpower, what would it be and why?

The ability to fluently speak every language. My brain is very left-sided!

What is one of your major accomplishments in the last few years?

Drove across the country and passed my Orthopedic Clinical Specialist Exam.

Click here to learn more about Laura and the other physical therapists at TherapydiaSF.

Dear Physio, I Can Take it From Here…

So, when does physical therapy end?

This is just a short piece, a reflective piece, about a value that makes up the very core of what I believe in and what I strive to achieve as a Physiotherapist – empowering my patients with the knowledge and the skills they need to make themselves independent.

These past few weeks have reminded me of a very special part of treating patients – discharging them. For months now I have worked intensely to help the small patient population with whom I have contact. After investing so much time in their development and progress, it is a magical moment when they come to me and say “I am not 100% better but I know what the problem is and I know how to make it better. What I need now is time to follow through on my goals and I can take it from here.”

What a pleasure it is to hear that. I know no one will ever be 100% when it comes to discharge and I am fine with that. First, I don’t set “being 100% pain free” as a goal and secondly, I think we all suffer from pain at some point in time. What I feel is more important is for patients to function normally and in the most ideal way for their lives.

Something patients frequently ask is “How long do I need to keep coming to Physical Therapy?”  Or, “Will I always need to do these exercises?”

The answer to the first – how long does it take you to no longer need Physical Therapy?

The answer to the second – No, you will need them when you need them.

What do I mean by this? Let’s take a look at the ideal stages of recovery involved between initial assessment and discharge.

STEP 1 – LET ME HELP STEER YOU IN THE RIGHT DIRECTION

It all starts at the beginning, when life is altered by pain or injury and when patients seek care because they don’t function in their normal way anymore. Sometimes it can be tough to get the ball rolling, to retrain movement patterns and daily habits, to get pain levels under control, and to motivate patients to begin to drive their own recovery. The first step as Physical Therapist is to understand the problem, the contributing factors, to identify milestones that help patients identify with their own recovery process, and then begin guiding them through rehab until they reach step 2.

STEP 2 – START TO TAKE THE WHEELS

Once pain is no longer driving a willingness to come to therapy, what is?

As I often say to my patients – I will sit beside you on this journey to recovery, but I will not drive you there. So, Step 2 is all about helping patients recognise what other barriers need to be overcome or goals need to be achieved before they can function unrestricted.

STEP 3 –  NOW IT’S YOUR TURN TO DRIVE

Once you are functioning well, do you know how to stay that way?

At this point in time I hope that my patients are developing a sound knowledge about how their bodies present/move/behave when they are both feeling good and feeling not so good. Developing this self awareness is a key step towards understanding their bodies better and identifying how their rehab should progress for them to be 100%.

STEP 4 – I AM NO LONGER A PASSENGER

If you’re staying symptom free and doing what you love – do you still need my help?

It is definitely sad to say goodbye but we have to set our patients free. This past week has been sprinkled with discharge assessments–patients who come in smiling because they only have good news to report. They are playing the sports they love, can use exercises to manage any niggles that may come up, are no longer thinking about their injury or their body part, and can see the end goal in sight. And this is when I ask – do you still need my help to get to the end? And with a smile, they reply, “I can take it from here”.

If you are reading this as a patient I want to to ask yourself:

Are you self-discharging too soon? There is a lot of work that lies between reducing pain and discharge.

Are you holding on too long?

Are you taking the steps along the entire journey to make sure your knowledge is developing and growing to accommodate for the changes in your body at that given time?

At TherapydiaSF we strive to form strong relationships with our patients. Communication is the key to break down what problems exist and create individualised treatments for those problems. We all have our niche areas or injuries we love treating, but at the end of the day, you are the person that will direct the treatment path and we are here to help and facilitate you to reach those goals.

Sian Smale, PT, MPhysio has been part of the TherapydiaSF team since 2016. Originally from Australia, Sian is trained in Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy and Clinical Pilates. When not working as a physiotherapist, you can find Sian cycling the hills of Marin, swimming in the elusive outdoor pools of the Bay Area, and chasing down the best avocado toast.

Health Insurance 101: Understanding Your Benefits

It’s a new year and, for many people, this means a new insurance policy. While insurance can be confusing, it is important to understand your health insurance benefits as you consider your options for treatment. We’ve put together a handy primer to explain the basic components of an insurance plan, in hopes that it will make life simpler for you!

In-Network vs. Out-of-Network: Providers who are in-network with your insurance company have agreed to accept a lower rate for their services, as determined by the insurance company, in exchange for being affiliated with and promoted as a “preferred provider”. Out-of-network providers determine the value of their services and are not under contract with the insurance company. Most plans have some level of out-of-network reimbursement. Many people think that if a practice is not in-network with their insurance, they can’t seek services at that clinic. In fact, insurance companies may even tell you you have to work with an in-network provider, even if you have out-of-network coverage. This is wrong and misleading. We elaborate more on the difference between in- and out-of-network coverage in this past blog.

Explanation of Benefits (EOB): This is sent by mail or available online after each medical service you receive. Your EOB will include lots of information, but look for the billed amount, allowed amount, any payments made by your insurance company, and the amount you owe, or patient responsibility.

Billed Amount: The amount that your healthcare provider bills to your insurance company.

Allowed Amount: The amount your insurance company deems a service provided to you is worth. This may be equal to the billed amount, though is more often less than the billed amount.

Deductible: This is the amount of money you are required to pay before your insurance benefits kick in. This amount resets annually, typically at the beginning of the year. Occasionally, there are some services where the deductible is waived, but in general you are required to pay the amount of your deductible before insurance pays for anything. Generally, there are separate deductibles for in- and out-of-network providers, though occasionally they are combined.

Coinsurance: Generally, this is the percentage of what you are required to pay per service. This is most often calculated using the allowed amount. For example, 30% coinsurance means that you are required to pay 30% of what your insurance allows for a particular service, while they pay 70%. This shared payment responsibility starts only after you meet your deductible.

Copay: This is a flat-rate amount that you pay each time you visit a provider, regardless of the billed or allowed amounts. This won’t start until you have met your deductible.

Out-of-pocket max: This is the maximum amount of money you will have to pay per year for covered healthcare. Once you reach your out-of-pocket max, insurance should cover 100% of your medical expenses.

Visit limit: This is the maximum number of visits your insurance company will pay. However, this is not a guarantee. Often, an insurance company will state a high number, or even unlimited visits, but will deny payment after review of medical notes if they don’t consider treatment to be justified.

At TherapydiaSF, we are happy to call your insurance on your behalf to determine your specific in- or out-of-network benefits. We also offer discounted cash rates as an alternative, if you are faced with a high-deductible plan, high co-insurance or limited visits. Please let us know how we can help you get started on your path to a healthy 2017!

 

 

Physical Therapy: What to Expect

physical_therapy_san_francisco

Marathon training has picked up and your Achilles tendon has been bothering you on your long runs. Or maybe you played golf this weekend and your back has been sore ever since. Perhaps work has gotten busy and your neck has been sore for a week. Whether it’s a friend or your doctor, chances are, if you ask around, someone will suggest you see a physical therapist.

So what should you expect?

During your first visit your PT will work to understand your injury and develop a treatment plan. We will ask you questions about your pain or discomfort—when did it start, what makes it better, what makes it worse? We will ask you about your work and the things that you do for fun. Sure, we want to get to know you, but, more importantly, that info also helps us understand how to best help you and keep you as active as possible while you’re recovering.

We will watch you do certain movements and collect some information by taking measurements and conducting particular tests. Often we will even look at different areas of your body that may not seem to be related to your injury.

Once we feel like we have enough information to create your treatment plan, we will likely get started that first day by teaching you an exercise or two to work on until your next appointment.

You should expect to work with the same PT at each session. Occasionally, two PT’s will work together as a team during your course of treatment, but our goal is to maintain consistency from visit to visit, and we find this harder to accomplish when more than two PT’s are involved.

When you return for your first follow up visit, expect to get to work! Your PT will have developed a plan that may include a variety of manual therapy techniques (‘hands-on’ work) and will definitely include exercise. We might ask you to do some things that seem silly—feel free to ask us why. It is not uncommon to see our patients blowing up balloons during their appointments, or crawling across the gym mat. It’s actually fun and we laugh a lot! At each session we will check and recheck some of the same tests we performed on day one, to understand the effect of the treatments we have been providing.

When you leave our studio, you will be expected to do your homework. We will provide resources to help you remember your exercises and yes, we will know if you’re doing them. Patients who are active participants outside of the PT clinic almost always heal faster than those who aren’t. A physical therapist can’t make you better alone. Physical therapy is a team approach and we need your help!

How often you come to PT is part of the treatment plan that you and your therapist develop together. Among our patients, there is a wide range of plans that change over time (i.e. once per week, once every other week, twice per week, etc). There are several factors we consider when planning your PT schedule. From the rate of healing and the body’s adaptation to new activities, to being swamped at work or due to financial constraints, treatment schedules will be specifically recommended to fit your needs. However, you should expect to attend at least 3-5 sessions in order to get the full benefit of working with your PT.

Once you are back to your marathon training, out on the golf course, or are able to sit at your computer without neck pain, it’s probably time to graduate from physical therapy! Some of our patients choose to continue to work with their PT for exercise as part of one of our wellness programs while others reach out the next time they need us.

Let us know how we can help you stay as active as possible!

The Top Five Reasons Why You Should Get To Know Your PT

A few years ago I hosted a get together with a bunch of friends. At some point in the evening, after everyone had figured out how we were connected, someone remarked, “It’s a good thing you’re a PT. You wouldn’t have any friends otherwise.” As I looked around the room at my guests, two were physical therapy colleagues, while the rest were former patients turned friends. While I understand that some PT’s prefer not to develop personal relationships with current patients, I truly believe in the importance of developing a long-term professional relationship with one.

If it’s not a good fit, find one you trust and with whom you can connect. If they turn into a good friend, even better!

Here are The Top Five Reasons Why You Should Get To Know Your PT:

We’ll be spending quality time together.
During the course of your treatment, you’ll be seeing us regularly. I am fortunate to spend 45 minutes with patients, often once, maybe twice a week. Compare that to the amount of time you spend with your doctor during a scheduled appointment, or even how often you see your best friend in any given week. Several years ago, I attended the wedding of a patient-turned-friend after knowing her only a few weeks because, as she told me, “The only person I spend more time with during the week is my fiancé.”

You can confide in us.
Because we will be spending time together working on improving your health, there may be certain things that come up during our time together. Human are complex creatures. There are many factors that can contribute to health, some of which may not be that easy to bring up. As healthcare providers, we are bound by law and ethics to maintain your privacy, and need to know about factors that may be affecting your healing. During any given week I talk to people about such potentially uncomfortable topics as depression, intimacy, problems in relationships, and other sensitive things. We talk about frustrations with treatment and health concerns seemingly unrelated to their physical therapy treatments. Often, the things we discuss are vital to my success as a PT though occasionally I need to refer out to someone better equipped to handle the issue. You need to feel comfortable enough with your PT to be able to discuss the uncomfortable.

We can help ease your fears.
Perhaps you’ve just received a new diagnosis that is troubling, even scary. Sometimes the medical jargon associated with an MRI report or after a doctor visit can be overwhelming. Chances are, we’ve worked with other patients with similar problems and can help explain things in ways you’ll understand. It is not a normal week if I don’t have a friend or family member reach out with questions about a particular diagnosis. The discussion this weekend was about Jason Day at The US Open, his struggles with vertigo, and how PT can help…did you know that?

We can let you know when it’s time to get serious about your health.
There is a reason your back hurts. Ignoring it isn’t the answer and it is likely a symptom of a larger problem. The good news is, you’re willing to invest a little time and energy, and maybe a few little changes to your daily routine, we can make a huge impact. Sometimes a friend or PT who knows you well is the best person to impress upon you the importance of taking your health seriously. You only get one body in this life, treat it well.

We can help you navigate the confusing world of medicine AND fitness.
There is so much misinformation and conflicting advice floating around out there. Who can help you differentiate fact from fiction? A PT with a good clinical experience who has continued to grow professionally and is able to critically evaluate research is good person to have on your team. Well-meaning but incorrect advice is commonly dispensed from people who don’t have the same training and expertise as PT’s who work in musculoskeletal medicine every single day.

We really do care.
My colleagues and I talk about this all of the time. It is not uncommon for us to say to a patient, “I was thinking about you on my walk to work.” I often develop new treatment plans in the most unlikely of places. This is why my showers are sometimes a little longer than necessary. We PT’s are generally so invested in our patients that we take it to heart when someone doesn’t seem to value or appreciate our care. This is also the reason we are exhausted at the end of the week. Don’t expect your PT/friend to want to get together for Happy Hour on a Friday evening!

Welcome to the TPSF Team-Michelle Cotter, PT, DPT

Dear Friends,

I’d like to take a moment introduce myself as I am so grateful to be the newest member of the TherapydiaSF family. My name is Michelle Cotter and I’m a physical therapist. While I specialize in pediatrics, I love treating adults as well. 

My passion for helping people heal began as a youngster when I volunteered in the athletic training room at my high school while rehabilitating my own injuries.  It was further strengthened when I spent the summer of my junior year in high school helping my mom recover from heart surgery. I received my Doctorate in Physical Therapy from Samuel Merritt University in Oakland, California and completed my final internship at Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital, where I learned the intricacies of proving excellent patient care to children and their families. My experience working on the UC Davis Athletic Training team, as well as over 5 years of clinical experience, has helped me develop expertise in identifying movement dysfunction and choosing the best treatment methods for a variety of injuries for all ages. 

Over the past 3 years, I have also been treating infants and children, assisting in their gross motor development, so that they are able to play and participate in age-appropriate activities with their peers. I have had particular success in developing effective rehabilitation programs for children with developmental delay, positional plagiocephaly and a variety of sports-related injuries.

My goal as a physical therapist is to provide an individualized framework for healing based on current research and patient education.  I aim to facilitate the recovery and prevention of injuries for each patient, no matter what age, so that they may achieve their mobility goals.

I love educating patients about how their body moves and teaching them strategies to change dysfunctional movement patterns. I emphasize educating patients and families on their specific condition and how they will take an active role in the recovery process for optimal health and function. This approach to an interactive plan motivates me to be the best physical therapist I can be. I get great satisfaction in building collaborative partnerships focused on the achievement of life-long health and wellness with my patients

I am very excited for the opportunity to work in such a collaborative and interactive environment that promotes long-term health and wellness and I look forward to meeting each of you! Please feel free to contact me if you would like more information.

Sincerely,

Michelle Cotter, PT, DPT
Doctor of Physical Therapy

Top 5 reasons we are out-of-network with your insurance…and what that means for you

physical_therapy_san_francisco

I sat down earlier this week to write a piece with the title above, but very quickly realized there really aren’t that many reasons. The only reason we are out-of-network with most insurance plans comes down to one simple fact:

We want to offer physical therapy treatment on our own terms, the way physical therapy was intended to be provided.

Most plans have out-of-network reimbursement. Many people think that if a practice is not in-network with their insurance, they can’t seek services at that clinic. The truth is, in most cases, you can work with a PT who is out-of-network. All it means to be in-network is that a physical therapy provider has signed a contract with a health insurance company that allows the insurance company to decide on the value of the physical therapy provided. Sadly, the current climate of physical therapy insurance reimbursement often has providers being paid less than the cost of a personal training or Pilates session, haircut, or full tank of gas.

A few things you need to understand about physical therapy:

  • We have extensive education, training, and are licensed by the state in which we practice (see The Educated Therapist).
  • All physical therapy is not created equal. PT’s do not receive a handbook on graduation day that tells us how to treat a specific diagnosis. Treatment should be customized, taking into consideration an individual’s activities, lifestyle, home and work demands, and even emotions related to the injury or pain.
  • All physical therapists are not created equal. Some PT’s further their education by taking classes and additional training beyond what is required by our governing board. Some PT’s look for every opportunity to expand their knowledge and stay current with studies and treatments. Good PT’s know that there is not one treatment to help everyone and, while we may not be able to cure all, we have a network of additional resources who might.
  • All components of physical therapy, from hands-on treatment to exercise, should be delivered by physical therapists.

We have chosen to stay true to our ideas of how physical therapy should be delivered. We find that our 45-minute treatment sessions, spent entirely with a physical therapist, help us form relationships with our patients, allow us to address multiple components of pain and injury, and often expedite treatment.

While out-of-network benefits vary, we have discovered that out-of-network reimbursement is often comparable to in-network coverage.


 

What does this mean for you?

We will:

  • provide excellent customer service from the first call.
  • check your benefits and discuss these with you before your first visit so that you have an understanding of the payment and reimbursement process.
  • help you find the best PT fit.
  • follow up with your insurance company on outstanding reimbursements.
  • reimburse you as soon as we receive payment from your insurance company.

What’s different?

  • Your PT may structure a different plan of care than used in traditional PT.  Do you really need 2 times per week for 8 weeks? Maybe not. Your PT will work with you to develop a plan that will help you recover effectively, while keeping in mind schedule and financial concerns.
  • We expect you to be actively involved in your own recovery.  We can’t make you better by ourselves.
  • You will have homework. We may ask you to modify some of your activities (Thought you knew how to sit?? Think again). We make these recommendations not to put a wrench in your lifestyle, but because we know they will help expedite the healing process.
  • We will be available to encourage and support you along the way.
  • You can access your PT via email in between appointments if you have questions or concerns.

Please let us know if we can help you learn more about your physical therapy benefits.  We will gladly call your insurance to verify your coverage and provide you with the information we receive.  We look forward to helping you on your path to recovery!

 

The Educated Therapist

Let’s face it. Most physical therapists aren’t winning any sales and marketing awards. Most of us have don’t have a business background and typically enter this profession based on a love of health, exercise and helping others. In school, we don’t really have time to cover anything beyond examination and treatment of our soon-to-be patients. We graduate, enter the world of health and wellness as practitioners of physical therapy, and soon realize the competition is fierce. In San Francisco, a city with something for everyone, there are individuals providing health and wellness services that seem in direct competition with everything we offer. There are personal trainers, massage therapists, Muscle Activation Therapists, Sports Therapists, Neurokinetic Therapists, Core Activation Therapists, and more. Have you ever stopped to consider who is best trained to help you heal? While these practitioners may indeed be skilled at the services they offer, based on our level of education and training, physical therapists are in a league of our own.

The other day, I had a pleasant conversation with a gentleman who was interested in learning more about the field of physical therapy. A seemingly intelligent man, he’d also had personal experience as a recent physical therapy patient. At some point in our conversation, he stopped me and asked, “Do you have to have some sort of certificate to be a physical therapist?” My jaw dropped.  It was then and there I realized how physical therapists have done such a terrible job of informing the public of what we do, what we can offer, and why we should be considered the practitioners of choice for musculoskeletal health.

So here’s what you should know: physical therapists go to school for 7-8 years. This includes 4 years of undergraduate education, heavily based in science (physics, chemistry, microbiology, exercise physiology, etc.), and 3-4 years of graduate-level education. Students graduating from physical therapy programs in the United States today earn a Doctor of Physical Therapy. The first Doctorate program in Physical Therapy was started in 1993 at Creighton University in Nebraska and, as of 2015, all accredited and developing physical therapist programs are DPT programs. Often part of a medical school, PT programs teach physical therapy examination and treatment, as well as courses in Anatomy, Neuroanatomy, Pathology, Pharmacology, Radiology and Differential Diagnosis (how I determine if a symptom may be something more serious—and outside of my scope of practice—than run-of-the-mill back pain). In fact, when I attended UCSF in the early 2000’s, the physical therapy students were the only students who performed full cadaveric dissections. Other programs used the cadavers we spent our first foggy summer in San Francisco dissecting. It was also the start of our collaboration with the first year medical students, where we 2nd year PT students helped teach the medical students musculoskeletal anatomy. Most recently, residencies and fellowships after graduation have grown in popularity to provide advanced training for physical therapy school graduates.

Beyond our formal education, physical therapists are licensed by the state in which we practice and are held to a high level of professional conduct that includes requirements for continuing education every year. Most courses are held on the weekends and many physical therapists travel great distances to take courses of interest. This year alone, PT’s from TherapydiaSF will take courses in San Francisco, San Diego, Montana, and Las Vegas. Some physical therapists also opt to enhance their degree and training by completing board certification in different areas of practice, including Orthopaedics, Pediatrics, Women’s Health, Neurology and 4 other areas of specialty practice.

The next time someone suggests physical therapy, please consider our extensive training and education and know that we have the education, expertise and dedication to help you work, play and move without pain.